CROPS_2013_USDA_IN: Crops in Indiana for 2013, Derived from National Agricultural Statistics Service (United States Department of Agriculture, 1:100,000, 30-Meter TIFF Image)

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Research and Development Division, Geospatial Information Branch, Spatial Analysis Research Section (SARS)
Publication_Date: 20140203
Title:
CROPS_2013_USDA_IN: Crops in Indiana for 2013, Derived from National Agricultural Statistics Service (United States Department of Agriculture, 1:100,000, 30-Meter TIFF Image)
Edition: 2013 edition
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Raster digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
USDA-NASS Cropland Data Layer, an annual publication begun in 2000
Issue_Identification: 2013 edition
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: USDA-NASS Marketing Division, Washington, D.C.
Publisher:
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Agriculture Statistics Service (NASS)
Online_Linkage: <http://maps.indiana.edu/layerGallery.html>
Other_Citation_Details:
The source data set was obtained as a georeferenced TIFF image named "CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif." The original data set and its metadata are available on CD-ROM through the official NASS USDA Web site referred to as "CropScape" <http://nassgeodata.gmu.edu/CropScape/>.

NOTE -- The georeferenced TIFF image named "CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif" that was created by the USDA is identical to the georeferenced TIFF image named "CROPS_2013_USDA_IN.TIF" that is distributed by the Indiana Geological Survey (IGS). Only the filename and metadata have been modified to conform to IGS conventions.

Description:
Abstract:
The following is excerpted from the metadata provided by NASS (USDA) for the source data set CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif:

"The USDA, NASS Cropland Data Layer (CDL) is a raster, geo-referenced, crop-specific land cover data layer. The 2013 CDL has a ground resolution of 30 meters. The CDL is produced using satellite imagery from the Landsat 5 TM sensor, Landsat 7 ETM+ sensor, and the Disaster Monitoring Constellation (DMC) DEIMOS-1 and UK2 sensors collected during the current growing season.

"Some CDL states used additional satellite imagery and ancillary inputs to supplement and improve the classification. These additional sources can include the United States Geological Survey (USGS) National Elevation Dataset (NED), the USGS National Land Cover Database 2006 (NLCD 2006), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) 250 meter 16 day Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) composites.

"Agricultural training and validation data are derived from the Farm Service Agency (FSA) Common Land Unit (CLU) Program. The NLCD 2006 is used as non-agricultural training and validation data. Please refer to the 'Supplemental_Information' Section of this metadata file for a complete list of all imagery, ancillary data, and training/validation data used to generate this state's CDL. The strength and emphasis of the CDL is agricultural land cover. Please note that no farmer reported data are derivable from the Cropland Data Layer."

Purpose:
The following is excerpted from the metadata provided by NASS (USDA) for the source data set CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif:

"The purpose of the Cropland Data Layer Program is to use satellite imagery to (1) provide acreage estimates to the Agricultural Statistics Board for the state's major commodities and (2) produce digital, crop-specific, categorized geo-referenced output products."

Supplemental_Information:
The following is excerpted from the metadata provided by NASS (USDA) for the source data set CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif:

"If the following table does not display properly, then please visit the following website to view the original metadata file <http://www.nass.usda.gov/research/Cropland/metadata/meta.htm>.

"USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service 2013 Indiana Cropland Data Layer

"CLASSIFICATION INPUTS:

DEIMOS-1 DATE 20121018 PATH/ROW 726

DEIMOS-1 DATE 20121106 PATH/ROW 7F7

DEIMOS-1 DATE 20121113 PATH/ROW 84D

DEIMOS-1 DATE 20121116 PATH/ROW 878

DEIMOS-1 DATE 20121122 PATH/ROW 8BC

DEIMOS-1 DATE 20130430 PATH/ROW DBC

DEIMOS-1 DATE 20130513 PATH/ROW E1E

DEIMOS-1 DATE 20130604 PATH/ROW ED2

DEIMOS-1 DATE 20130623 PATH/ROW F7C

DEIMOS-1 DATE 20130716 PATH/ROW 055

DEIMOS-1 DATE 20130719 PATH/ROW 072

DEIMOS-1 DATE 20130805 PATH/ROW 11A

DEIMOS-1 DATE 20130811 PATH/ROW 14A

DEIMOS-1 DATE 20130906 PATH/ROW 232

LANDSAT 8 OLI/TIRS DATE 20130501 PATH 021 ROW(S) 28-40

LANDSAT 8 OLI/TIRS DATE 20130524 PATH 022 ROW(S) 27-40

LANDSAT 8 OLI/TIRS DATE 20130611 PATH 020 ROW(S) 29-39

LANDSAT 8 OLI/TIRS DATE 20130618 PATH 021 ROW(S) 28-40

LANDSAT 8 OLI/TIRS DATE 20130625 PATH 022 ROW(S) 27-40

LANDSAT 8 OLI/TIRS DATE 20130720 PATH 021 ROW(S) 28-40

LANDSAT 8 OLI/TIRS DATE 20130805 PATH 021 ROW(S) 28-40

LANDSAT 8 OLI/TIRS DATE 20130812 PATH 022 ROW(S) 27-40

LANDSAT 8 OLI/TIRS DATE 20130814 PATH 020 ROW(S) 29-39

LANDSAT 8 OLI/TIRS DATE 20130821 PATH 021 ROW(S) 28-40

LANDSAT 8 OLI/TIRS DATE 20130828 PATH 022 ROW(S) 27-40

LANDSAT 8 OLI/TIRS DATE 20130830 PATH 020 ROW(S) 29-39

LANDSAT 8 OLI/TIRS DATE 20130906 PATH 021 ROW(S) 28-40

USGS, NATIONAL ELEVATION DATASET

USGS, NATIONAL LAND COVER DATASET 2006 IMPERVIOUSNESS

USGS, NATIONAL LAND COVER DATASET 2001 TREE CANOPY

CROP MASK BASED ON PREVIOUS CDLS (2008-2012)

UK-DMC-2 DATE 20121016 PATH/ROW 8CF

UK-DMC-2 DATE 20121101 PATH/ROW 9E1

UK-DMC-2 DATE 20130524 PATH/ROW 8D2

UK-DMC-2 DATE 20130526 PATH/ROW 8FB

UK-DMC-2 DATE 20130619 PATH/ROW B9F

UK-DMC-2 DATE 20130711 PATH/ROW D43

UK-DMC-2 DATE 20130819 PATH/ROW 12B

UK-DMC-2 DATE 20130904 PATH/ROW 2A6

TRAINING AND VALIDATION:

USDA, FARM SERVICE AGENCY 2013 COMMON LAND UNIT DATA

USGS, NATIONAL LAND COVER DATASET 2006

"NOTE: The final extent of the CDL is clipped to the state boundary even though the raw input data may encompass a larger area."

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20130101
Ending_Date: 20131231
Currentness_Reference: Ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -88.162022
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -84.688498
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.781483
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 37.755526
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Geography Network Keyword Thesaurus (ISO 19115 Topic Category)
Theme_Keyword: farming (001)
Theme_Keyword: environment (007)
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover (010)
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: IGS Metadata Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Indiana Geological Survey (IGS)
Theme_Keyword: United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Theme_Keyword: National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS)
Theme_Keyword: Spatial Analyis Research Section (SARS)
Theme_Keyword: crop cover
Theme_Keyword: classification
Theme_Keyword: cropland
Theme_Keyword: agriculture
Theme_Keyword: land cover
Theme_Keyword: crop estimates
Theme_Keyword: crop identification
Theme_Keyword: UK-DMC 2
Theme_Keyword: DEIMOS-1
Theme_Keyword: MODIS (Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectraradiometer)
Theme_Keyword: Landsat
Theme_Keyword: Cropscape

Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Temporal_Keyword: 2013

Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: IGS Metadata Thesaurus
Place_Keyword: Indiana
Place_Keyword: Adams County
Place_Keyword: Allen County
Place_Keyword: Bartholomew County
Place_Keyword: Benton County
Place_Keyword: Blackford County
Place_Keyword: Boone County
Place_Keyword: Brown County
Place_Keyword: Carroll County
Place_Keyword: Cass County
Place_Keyword: Clark County
Place_Keyword: Clay County
Place_Keyword: Clinton County
Place_Keyword: Crawford County
Place_Keyword: Daviess County
Place_Keyword: Dearborn County
Place_Keyword: Decatur County
Place_Keyword: Dekalb County
Place_Keyword: Delaware County
Place_Keyword: Dubois County
Place_Keyword: Elkhart County
Place_Keyword: Fayette County
Place_Keyword: Floyd County
Place_Keyword: Fountain County
Place_Keyword: Franklin County
Place_Keyword: Fulton County
Place_Keyword: Gibson County
Place_Keyword: Grant County
Place_Keyword: Greene County
Place_Keyword: Hamilton County
Place_Keyword: Hancock County
Place_Keyword: Harrison County
Place_Keyword: Hendricks County
Place_Keyword: Henry County
Place_Keyword: Howard County
Place_Keyword: Huntington County
Place_Keyword: Jackson County
Place_Keyword: Jasper County
Place_Keyword: Jay County
Place_Keyword: Jefferson County
Place_Keyword: Jennings County
Place_Keyword: Johnson County
Place_Keyword: Knox County
Place_Keyword: Kosciusko County
Place_Keyword: Lagrange County
Place_Keyword: Lake County
Place_Keyword: LaPorte County
Place_Keyword: Lawrence County
Place_Keyword: Madison County
Place_Keyword: Marion County
Place_Keyword: Marshall County
Place_Keyword: Martin County
Place_Keyword: Miami County
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place_Keyword: Montgomery County
Place_Keyword: Morgan County
Place_Keyword: Newton County
Place_Keyword: Noble County
Place_Keyword: Ohio County
Place_Keyword: Orange County
Place_Keyword: Owen County
Place_Keyword: Parke County
Place_Keyword: Perry County
Place_Keyword: Pike County
Place_Keyword: Porter County
Place_Keyword: Posey County
Place_Keyword: Pulaski County
Place_Keyword: Putnam County
Place_Keyword: Randolph County
Place_Keyword: Ripley County
Place_Keyword: Rush County
Place_Keyword: Scott County
Place_Keyword: Shelby County
Place_Keyword: Spencer County
Place_Keyword: Starke County
Place_Keyword: Steuben County
Place_Keyword: St Joseph County
Place_Keyword: Sullivan County
Place_Keyword: Switzerland County
Place_Keyword: Tippecanoe County
Place_Keyword: Tipton County
Place_Keyword: Union County
Place_Keyword: Vanderburgh County
Place_Keyword: Vermillion County
Place_Keyword: Vigo County
Place_Keyword: Wabash County
Place_Keyword: Warren County
Place_Keyword: Warrick County
Place_Keyword: Washington County
Place_Keyword: Wayne County
Place_Keyword: Wells County
Place_Keyword: White County
Place_Keyword: Whitley County

Access_Constraints:
This file is available to anyone, but access may be contingent on written request, specific terms relevant to the agency or person making the request, and (or) current freedom of information statutes in the state of Indiana.
Use_Constraints:
The following is excerpted from the metadata provided by NASS (USDA) for the source data set CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif:

"The USDA, NASS Cropland Data Layer is provided to the public as is and is considered public domain and free to redistribute. The USDA, NASS does not warrant any conclusions drawn from these data. If the user does not have software capable of viewing GEOTIF (.tif) file formats then we suggest using the Cropscape website <http://nassgeodata.gmu.edu/CropScape/> or the freeware browser ESRI ArcGIS Explorer <http://www.esri.com/>."

INDIANA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY DATA DISCLAIMER

This data set is provided by Indiana University, Indiana Geological Survey, and contains data believed to be accurate; however, a degree of error is inherent in all data. This product is distributed "AS-IS" without warranties of any kind, either expressed or implied, including but not limited to warranties of suitability of a particular purpose or use. No attempt has been made in either the designed format or production of these data to define the limits or jurisdiction of any federal, state, or local government.

These data are intended for use only at the published scale or smaller and are for reference purposes only. They are not to be construed as a legal document or survey instrument. A detailed on-the-ground survey and historical analysis of a single site may differ from these data.

CREDIT

It is requested that the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), be cited in any products generated from this data set. The following source citation should be included: [CROPS_2013_USDA_IN: Crops in Indiana for 2013, Derived from National Agricultural Statistics Service (United States Department of Agriculture, 1:100,000, 30-Meter TIFF Image)].

WARRANTY

Indiana University, Indiana Geological Survey warrants that the media on which this product is stored will be free from defect in materials and workmanship for ninety (90) days from the date of acquisition. If such a defect is found, return the media to Publication Sales, Indiana Geological Survey, 611 North Walnut Grove, Bloomington, Indiana 47405-2208, and it will be replaced free of charge.

LIMITATION OF WARRANTIES AND LIABILITY

Except for the expressed warranty above, the product is provided "AS IS", without any other warranties or conditions, expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, warranties for product quality, or suitability to a particular purpose or use. The risk or liability resulting from the use of this product is assumed by the user. Indiana University, Indiana Geological Survey shares no liability with product users indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages whatsoever, including, but not limited to, loss of revenue or profit, lost or damaged data or other commercial or economic loss. Indiana University, Indiana Geological Survey is not responsible for claims by a third party. The maximum aggregate liability to the original purchaser shall not exceed the amount paid by you for the product.

Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Indiana Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical address
Address: 611 North Walnut Grove Avenue
City: Bloomington
State_or_Province: Indiana
Postal_Code: 47405-2208
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 812-855-7636
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 812-855-2862
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: IGSinfo@indiana.edu
Hours_of_Service: 0800 to 1700 Eastern Standard Time
Contact_Instructions: Monday through Friday, except holidays

Data_Set_Credit:
It is requested that the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), be cited in any products generated from this data set.
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Georeferenced TIFF image, approximately 26.6 Mb


Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The following is excerpted from the metadata provided by NASS (USDA) for the source data set CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif:

"If the following table does not display properly, then please visit this internet site <http://www.nass.usda.gov/research/Cropland/metadata/meta.htm> to view the original metadata file.

"USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, 2013 Indiana Cropland Data Layer STATEWIDE AGRICULTURAL ACCURACY REPORT

Crop-specific covers only *Correct Accuracy Error Kappa

------------------------- ------- -------- ----- -----

OVERALL ACCURACY** 7,328,178 93.8% 6.2% 0.889

Cover ***Attribute *Correct Producer's Omission User's Commission Cond'l

Type Code Pixels Accuracy Error Kappa Accuracy Error Kappa

---- ---- ------ -------- ----- ----- -------- ----- -----

Corn 1 3876380 96.93% 3.07% 0.940 96.34% 3.66% 0.929

Sorghum 4 791 20.68% 79.32% 0.207 86.45% 13.55% 0.864

Soybeans 5 3163030 95.47% 4.53% 0.925 97.05% 2.95% 0.950

Sunflower 6 0 0.00% 100.00% 0.000 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Tobacco 11 0 0.00% 100.00% 0.000 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Sweet Corn 12 378 29.17% 70.83% 0.292 95.21% 4.79% 0.952

Pop or Orn Corn 13 31304 49.86% 50.14% 0.496 90.97% 9.03% 0.909

Mint 14 0 n/a n/a n/a 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Barley 21 0 0.00% 100.00% 0.000 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Winter Wheat 24 91540 85.65% 14.35% 0.855 89.52% 10.48% 0.894

Dbl Crop WinWht/Soybeans 26 118482 87.86% 12.14% 0.877 91.56% 8.44% 0.914

Rye 27 3 0.37% 99.63% 0.004 5.36% 94.64% 0.053

Oats 28 221 17.20% 82.80% 0.172 60.05% 39.95% 0.600

Millet 29 0 0.00% 100.00% 0.000 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Speltz 30 0 n/a n/a n/a 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Alfalfa 36 27471 46.08% 53.92% 0.458 77.59% 22.41% 0.774

Other Hay/Non Alfalfa 37 9961 13.49% 86.51% 0.133 64.21% 35.79% 0.639

Buckwheat 39 0 0.00% 100.00% 0.000 n/a n/a n/a

Dry Beans 42 59 12.61% 87.39% 0.126 13.32% 86.68% 0.133

Potatoes 43 1347 65.93% 34.07% 0.659 94.33% 5.67% 0.943

Other Crops 44 0 0.00% 100.00% 0.000 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Misc Vegs & Fruits 47 28 73.68% 26.32% 0.737 87.50% 12.50% 0.875

Watermelons 48 1575 64.60% 35.40% 0.646 79.71% 20.29% 0.797

Cucumbers 50 82 18.89% 81.11% 0.189 75.23% 24.77% 0.752

Peas 53 0 n/a n/a n/a 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Tomatoes 54 323 22.65% 77.35% 0.226 76.72% 23.28% 0.767

Herbs 57 2567 57.41% 42.59% 0.574 88.30% 11.70% 0.883

Clover/Wildflowers 58 15 1.45% 98.55% 0.014 33.33% 66.67% 0.333

Sod/Grass Seed 59 0 0.00% 100.00% 0.000 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Switchgrass 60 0 n/a n/a n/a 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Fallow/Idle Cropland 61 532 4.41% 95.59% 0.044 45.01% 54.99% 0.449

Peaches 67 0 0.00% 100.00% 0.000 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Apples 68 0 0.00% 100.00% 0.000 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Grapes 69 0 0.00% 100.00% 0.000 n/a n/a n/a

Christmas Trees 70 3 1.49% 98.51% 0.015 60.00% 40.00% 0.600

Triticale 205 0 0.00% 100.00% 0.000 n/a n/a n/a

Cantaloupes 209 318 50.56% 49.44% 0.506 79.50% 20.50% 0.795

Peppers 216 8 18.60% 81.40% 0.186 88.89% 11.11% 0.889

Greens 219 0 n/a n/a n/a 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Strawberries 221 0 0.00% 100.00% 0.000 n/a n/a n/a

Squash 222 0 n/a n/a n/a 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Dbl Crop WinWht/Corn 225 504 10.78% 89.22% 0.108 70.69% 29.31% 0.707

Dbl Crop Oats/Corn 226 0 0.00% 100.00% 0.000 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Pumpkins 229 319 15.64% 84.36% 0.156 82.01% 17.99% 0.820

Dbl Crop WinWht/Sorghum 236 34 4.86% 95.14% 0.049 60.71% 39.29% 0.607

Dbl Crop Barley/Corn 237 2 1.74% 98.26% 0.017 66.67% 33.33% 0.667

Dbl Crop Soybeans/Oats 240 0 0.00% 100.00% 0.000 n/a n/a n/a

Dbl Crop Corn/Soybeans 241 556 25.78% 74.22% 0.258 66.83% 33.17% 0.668

Blueberries 242 16 4.85% 95.15% 0.048 84.21% 15.79% 0.842

Cabbage 243 0 n/a n/a n/a 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Turnips 247 0 n/a n/a n/a 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Gourds 249 0 n/a n/a n/a 0.00% 100.00% 0.000

Dbl Crop Barley/Soybeans 254 329 17.41% 82.59% 0.174 35.41% 64.59% 0.354

"*NOTE: Correct Pixels represents the total number of independent validation pixels correctly identified in the error matrix.

"**NOTE: The Overall Accuracy represents only the FSA row crops and annual fruit and vegetables (codes 1-61 and 200-255). FSA-sampled tree and shrub crops, aquaculture, and all NLCD-sampled categories (codes 62-65 and 81-199) are not included in the Overall Accuracy.

"The accuracy of the non-agricultural land cover classes within the Cropland Data Layer is entirely dependent upon the USGS, National Land Cover Database (NLCD 2006). Thus, the USDA, NASS recommends that users consider the NLCD for studies involving non-agricultural land cover. For more information on the accuracy of the NLCD please reference <http://www.mrlc.gov/>.

"Classification accuracy is generally 85% to 95% correct for the major crop-specific land cover categories. See the 'Attribute Accuracy Report' section of this metadata file for the detailed accuracy report.

"The strength and emphasis of the CDL is crop-specific land cover categories. The accuracy of the CDL non-agricultural land cover classes is entirely dependent upon the USGS, National Land Cover Database (NLCD 2006). Thus, the USDA, NASS recommends that users consider the NLCD for studies involving non-agricultural land cover.

"These definitions of accuracy statistics were derived from the following book: Congalton, Russell G. and Kass Green. Assessing the Accuracy of Remotely Sensed Data: Principles and Practices. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, Inc. 1999. The 'Producer's Accuracy' is calculated for each cover type in the ground truth and indicates the probability that a ground truth pixel will be correctly mapped (across all cover types) and measures 'errors of omission'. An 'Omission Error' occurs when a pixel is excluded from the category to which it belongs in the validation dataset. The 'User's Accuracy' indicates the probability that a pixel from the CDL classification actually matches the ground truth data and measures 'errors of commission'. The 'Commission Error' represent when a pixel is included in an incorrect category according to the validation data. It is important to take into consideration errors of omission and commission. For example, if you classify every pixel in a scene to 'wheat', then you have 100% Producer's Accuracy for the wheat category and 0% Omission Error. However, you would also have a very high error of commission as all other crop types would be included in the incorrect category. The 'Kappa' is a measure of agreement based on the difference between the actual agreement in the error matrix (i.e., the agreement between the remotely sensed classification and the reference data as indicated by the major diagonal) and the chance agreement which is indicated by the row and column totals. The 'Conditional Kappa Coefficient' is the agreement for an individual category within the entire error matrix."

Logical_Consistency_Report:
The following is excerpted from the metadata provided by NASS (USDA) for the source data set CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif:

"The Cropland Data Layer (CDL) has been produced using training and independent validation data from the Farm Service Agency (FSA) Common Land Unit (CLU) Program (agricultural data) and United States Geological Survey (USGS) National Land Cover Database 2006 (NLCD 2006). More information about the FSA CLU Program can be found at <http://www.fsa.usda.gov/>. More information about the NLCD 2006 can be found at <http://www.mrlc.gov/>. The CDL encompasses the entire state unless noted otherwise in the 'Completeness Report' section of this metadata file."

Completeness_Report:
The following is excerpted from the metadata provided by NASS (USDA) for the source data set CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif:

"The entire state is covered by the Cropland Data Layer."

Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The following is excerpted from the metadata provided by NASS (USDA) for the source data set CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif:

"The Cropland Data Layer retains the spatial attributes of the input imagery. The Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS and Landsat 7 ETM imagery was obtained via download from the USGS Global Visualization Viewer (Glovis) website <http://glovis.usgs.gov/>. Please reference the metadata on the Glovis website for each Landsat scene for positional accuracy. The majority of the Landsat data is available at Level 1T (precision and terrain corrected). The DEIMOS-1 and DMC-UK 2 imagery used in the production of the Cropland Data Layer is orthorectified to a radial root mean square error (RMSE) of approximately 10 meters."

Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
No information about vertical positonal accurance was included in the metadata provided by NASS (USDA) for the source data set CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif.

Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
National Agricultural Statistics Service, United States Department of Agriculture
Publication_Date: 20140203
Title: CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif
Edition: 2013
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Raster digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fairfax, Virginia
Publisher: United States Department of Agriculture
Other_Citation_Details:
The source data set was obtained as a georeferenced TIFF image named "CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif." The original data set and its metadata are available on-line through the official NASS USDA Cropscape Web site <http://nassgeodata.gmu.edu/CropScape/>.
Type_of_Source_Media: on-line
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20130101
Ending_Date: 20131231
Source_Currentness_Reference:
Based on metadata provided by NASS (USDA) for the source data set named CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif
Source_Contribution: Crops in Indiana in 2013

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The following is excerpted from the metadata provided by NASS (USDA) for the source data set CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif:

"OVERVIEW: The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) Cropland Data Layer (CDL) Program is a unique agricultural-specific land cover geospatial product that is reproduced annually in participating states. The CDL Program builds upon NASS' traditional crop acreage estimation program and integrates Farm Service Agency (FSA) grower-reported field data with satellite imagery to create an unbiased statistical estimator of crop area at the state and county level for internal use. It is important to note that the internal acreage estimates produced using the CDL are not simple pixel counting. It is more of an 'Adjusted Census by Satellite.'

"SOFTWARE: ERDAS Imagine is used in the pre- and post- processing of all raster-based data. ESRI ArcGIS is used to prepare the vector-based training and validation data. Rulequest See5.0 is used to create a decision tree based classifier. The NLCD Mapping Tool is used to apply the See5.0 decision-tree via ERDAS Imagine.

"DECISION TREE CLASSIFIER: This Cropland Data Layer used the decision tree classifier approach. Using a decision tree classifier is a departure from older versions of the CDL which were created using in-house software (Peditor) based upon a maximum likelihood classifier approach. Check the 'Process Description' section of the specific state and year metadata file to verify the methodology used. Decision trees offer several advantages over the more traditional maximum likelihood classification method. The advantages include being: 1) non-parametric by nature and thus not reliant on the assumption of the input data being normally distributed, 2) efficient to construct and thus capable of handling large and complex data sets, 3) able to incorporate missing and non-continuous data, and 4) able to sort out non-linear relationships.

"GROUND TRUTH: As with the maximum likelihood method, decision tree analysis is a supervised classification technique. Thus, it relies on having a sample of known ground truth areas in which to train the classifier. Older versions of the CDL (prior to 2006) utilized ground truth data from the annual June Agricultural Survey (JAS). Beginning in 2006, the CDL utilizes the very comprehensive ground truth data provided from the FSA Common Land Unit (CLU) Program as a replacement for the JAS data. The FSA CLU data have the advantage of natively being in a GIS and containing magnitudes more of field level information. Disadvantages include that it is not truly a probability sample of land cover and has bias toward subsidized program crops. Additional information about the FSA data can be found at <http://www.fsa.usda.gov/>.

"INPUTS: The CDL is produced using satellite imagery from the Landsat 5 TM sensor, Landsat 7 ETM+ sensor, and the Disaster Monitoring Constellation (DMC) DEIMOS-1 and UK2 sensors collected during the current growing season. The DEIMOS-1 and UK-DMC 2 imagery was resampled to 30 meters using cubic convolution, rigorous transformation to match the traditional Landsat spatial resolution. Some CDL states used additional satellite imagery and ancillary inputs to supplement and improve the classification. These additional sources can include the United States Geological Survey (USGS) National Elevation Dataset (NED), the imperviousness and canopy data layers from the USGS National Land Cover Database 2006 (NLCD 2006), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) 250 meter 16 day Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) composites. Please refer to the 'Supplemental_Information' Section of this metadata file for a complete list of all imagery and ancillary data used to generate this state's CDL.

"ACCURACY: The accuracy of the land cover classifications are evaluated using independent validations data sets generated from the FSA CLU data (agricultural categories) and the NLCD 2006 (non-agricultural categories). The Producer's Accuracy is generally 85% to 95% correct for the major crop-specific land cover categories. See the 'Attribute Accuracy Report' section of this metadata file for the full accuracy report.

"PUBLIC RELEASE: The USDA, NASS Cropland Data Layer is considered public domain and free to redistribute. The official website is <http://www.nass.usda.gov/research/Cropland/SARS1a.htm>. The data is available free for download through CropScape <http://nassgeodata.gmu.edu/CropScape/> and the Geospatial Data Gateway <http://datagateway.nrcs.usda.gov/>. Please note that in no case are farmer reported data revealed or derivable from the public use Cropland Data Layer."

Process_Date: 2013
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
National Agricultural Statistical Service (NASS), Spatial Analysis Research Section, USDA
Contact_Person: USDA, NASS, Spatial Analysis Research Section staff
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical address
Address: 3251 Old Lee Highway, Room 305
City: Fairfax
State_or_Province: Virgina
Postal_Code: 22030-1504
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703-877-8000
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703-877-8044
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: HQ_RDD_GIB@nass.usda.gov

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
IGS personnel acquired crop data for 2013 from the offical USDA NASS Cropscape web site (<http://nassgeodata.gmu.edu/CropScape/>) in the form of a georeferenced TIFF image. It was reprojected from "WGS_1984_UTM_Zone16N" to "NAD_1983_UTM_Zone16N" using ESRI ArcCatalog. In order to conform to naming and metadata conventions of the Indiana Geological Survey, the image was re-named and the metadata was modified accordingly.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif
Process_Date: 20130203
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: CROPS_2013_USDA_IN.TIF
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Indiana Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Chris Dintaman
Contact_Position: Geologist, GIS Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical address
Address: 611 North Walnut Grove Avenue
City: Bloomington
State_or_Province: Indiana
Postal_Code: 47405-2208
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 812-856-5654
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 812-855-2862
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: cdintama@indiana.edu
Hours_of_Service: 0800 to 1700 Eastern Standard Time
Contact_Instructions: Monday through Friday, except holidays

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
This metadata file was pre-parsed and parsed using CNS (Chew and Spit, v. 2.6.1) and MP (Metadata Parser, v. 2.7.1) software written by Peter N. Schweitzer (United States Geological Survey). The errors generated by MP were all addressed and corrected.
Process_Date: 20140214
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Indiana Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Chris Dintaman
Contact_Position: Geologist, GIS Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical address
Address: 611 North Walnut Grove Avenue
City: Bloomington
State_or_Province: Indiana
Postal_Code: 47405-2208
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 812-856-5654
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 812-855-2862
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: cdintama@indiana.edu
Hours_of_Service: 0800 to 1700 Eastern Standard Time
Contact_Instructions: Monday through Friday, except holidays


Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Indiana
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel
Row_Count: 14820
Column_Count: 9625


Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 16
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -87
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0
False_Easting: 500000
False_Northing: 0
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 56
Ordinate_Resolution: 56
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: GRS 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.00
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257223563


Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
The following is excerpted from the metadata provided by NASS (USDA) for the source data set CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif:

"The Cropland Data Layer (CDL) is produced using agricultural training data from the Farm Service Agency (FSA) Common Land Unit (CLU) Program and non-agricultural training data from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) National Land Cover Dataset 2006 (NLCD 2006). The strength and emphasis of the CDL is crop-specific land cover categories. The accuracy of the CDL non-agricultural land cover classes are entirely dependent upon the NLCD. Thus, the USDA, NASS recommends that users consider the NLCD for studies involving non-agricultural land cover."

"If the following table does not display properly, then please visit this internet site <http://www.nass.usda.gov/research/Cropland/metadata/meta.htm> to view the original metadata file."

"Data Dictionary: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, 2013 Cropland Data Layer

"Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

"The following is a cross reference list of the categorization codes and land covers. Note that not all land cover categories listed below will appear in an individual state.

Raster Attribute Domain Values and Definitions: NO DATA, BACKGROUND 0

Categorization Code Land Cover

---------------------------------

"0" Background

Raster Attribute Domain Values and Definitions: ROW CROPS 1-20

Categorization Code Land Cover

---------------------------------

"1" Corn

"2" Cotton

"3" Rice

"4" Sorghum

"5" Soybeans

"6" Sunflowers

"10" Peanuts

"11" Tobacco

"12" Sweet Corn

"13" Popcorn or Ornamental Corn

"14" MINT

Raster Attribute Domain Values and Definitions: GRAINS,HAY,SEEDS 21-40

Categorization Code Land Cover

------------------------------------

"21" Barley

"22" Durum Wheat

"23" Spring Wheat

"24" Winter Wheat

"25" Other Small Grains

"26" Winter Wheat/Soybeans Double-Cropped

"27" Rye

"28" Oats

"29" Millet

"30" Speltz

"31" Canola

"32" Flaxseed

"33" Safflower

"34" Rape seed

"35" Mustard

"36" Alfalfa

"37" Other Hays

"38" Camelina

"39" BUCKWHEAT

Raster Attribute Domain Values and Definitions: OTHER CROPS 41-60

Categorization Code Land Cover

------------------------------------

"41" Sugarbeets

"42" Dry Beans

"43" Potatoes

"44" Other Crops

"45" Sugarcane

"46" Sweet Potatoes

"47" Miscellaneous Vegetables & Fruit

"48" Watermelon

"49" Onions

"50" Pickles

"51" Chick Peas

"52" Lentils

"53" Peas

"54" Tomatoes

"55" Caneberries

"56" Hops

"57" Herbs

"58" Clover/Wildflowers

"59" Seed/Sod Grass

"60" SWITCHGRASS

Raster Attribute Domain Values and Definitions: OPEN NON-CROP 61-65

Categorization Code Land Cover

-----------------------------------

"61" Fallow/Idle Cropland

"62" Grass/Pasture

"63" Forest

"64" Shrubland

"65" Barren

Raster Attribute Domain Values and Definitions: TREE CROPS 66-80

Categorization Code Land Cover

------------------------------------

"66" Cherries

"67" Peaches

"68" Apples

"69" Grapes

"70" Christmas Trees

"71" Other Tree Crops

"72" Citrus

"74" PEACANS

"75" ALMONDS

"76" WALNUTS

"77" PEARS

Raster Attribute Domain Values and Definitions: OTHER NON-CROP 81-109

Categorization Code Land Cover

-------------------------------------

"81" Clouds/No Data

"82" Developed

"83" Water

"87" Wetlands

"88" Nonag/Undefined

"92" Aquaculture

Raster Attribute Domain Values and Definitions: NLCD-DERIVED CLASSES 110-195

Categorization Code Land Cover

-------------------------------------

"111" NLCD - Open Water

"112" NLCD - Perennial Ice/Snow

"121" NLCD - Developed/Open Space

"122" NLCD - Developed/Low Intensity

"123" NLCD - Developed/Medium Intensity

"124" NLCD - Developed/High Intensity

"131" NLCD - Barren

"141" NLCD - Deciduous Forest

"142" NLCD - Evergreen Forest

"143" NLCD - Mixed Forest

"152" NLCD - Shrubland

"171" NLCD - Grassland Herbaceous

"181" NLCD - Pasture/Hay

"190" NLCD - Woody Wetlands

"195" NLCD - Herbaceous Wetlands

Raster Attribute Domain Values and Definitions: CROPS 195-255

Categorization Code Land Cover

-------------------------------------

"204" Pistachios

"205" Triticale

"206" Carrots

"207" Asparagus

"208" Garlic

"209" Cantaloupes

"210" Prunes

"211" Olives

"212" Oranges

"213" Honeydew Melons

"214" Broccoli

"216" Peppers

"217" Pomegranates

"218" Nectarines

"219" Greens

"220" Plums

"221" Strawberries

"222" Squash

"223" Apricots

"224" Vetch

"225" Dbl Crop WinWht/Corn

"226" Dbl Crop Oats/Corn

"227" Lettuce

"229" Pumpkins

"230" Dbl Crop Lettuce/Durum Wht

"231" Dbl Crop Lettuce/Cantaloupe

"232" Dbl Crop Lettuce/Cotton

"233" Dbl Crop Lettuce/Barley

"234" Dbl Crop Durum Wht/Sorghum

"235" Dbl Crop Barley/Sorghum

"236" Dbl Crop WinWht/Sorghum

"237" Dbl Crop Barley/Corn

"238" Dbl Crop WinWht/Cotton

"239" Dbl Crop Soybeans/Cotton

"240" Dbl Crop Soybeans/Oats

"241" Dbl Crop Corn/Soybeans

"242" Blueberries

"243" Cabbage

"244" Cauliflower

"245" Celery

"246" Radishes

"247" Turnips

"248" Eggplants

"249" Gourds

"250" Cranberries

"254" Dbl Crop Barley/Soybeans


Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Indiana Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Publication Sales
Contact_Position: Clerk
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical address
Address: 611 North Walnut Grove Avenue
City: Bloomington
State_or_Province: Indiana
Postal_Code: 47405-2208
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 812-855-7636
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 812-855-2862
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: IGSInfo@indiana.edu
Hours_of_Service: 0800 to 1700 Eastern Standard Time
Contact_Instructions: Monday through Friday, except holidays

Resource_Description: Downloadable Data

Distribution_Liability:
CREDIT

It is requested that the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), be cited in any products generated from this data set. The following source citation should be included: [CROPS_2013_USDA_IN: Crops in Indiana for 2013, Derived from National Agricultural Statistics Service (United States Department of Agriculture, 1:100,000, 30-Meter TIFF Image)].

WARRANTY

Indiana University, Indiana Geological Survey warrants that the media on which this product is stored will be free from defect in materials and workmanship for ninety (90) days from the date of acquisition. If such a defect is found, return the media to Publication Sales, Indiana Geological Survey, 611 North Walnut Grove, Bloomington, Indiana 47405-2208, and it will be replaced free of charge.

LIMITATION OF WARRANTIES AND LIABILITY

Except for the expressed warranty above, the product is provided "AS IS", without any other warranties or conditions, expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, warranties for product quality, or suitability to a particular purpose or use. The risk or liability resulting from the use of this product is assumed by the user. Indiana University, Indiana Geological Survey shares no liability with product users indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages whatsoever, including, but not limited to, loss of revenue or profit, lost or damaged data or other commercial or economic loss. Indiana University, Indiana Geological Survey is not responsible for claims by a third party. The maximum aggregate liability to the original purchaser shall not exceed the amount paid by you for the product.


Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: USDA/NASS Customer Service
Contact_Person: USDA/NASS Customer Service
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing address
Address: 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Room 5038-S
City: Washington
State_or_Province: District of Columbia
Postal_Code: 20250-9410
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 800 727 9540
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 877 8044
Contact_Instructions:
The following is excerpted from the metadata provided by NASS (USDA) for the source data set CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif:

"Please visit the official website <http://www.nass.usda.gov/research/Cropland/SARS1a.htm> for distribution details. The Cropland Data Layer is available free for download at <http://nassgeodata.gmu.edu/CropScape/> and <http://datagateway.nrcs.usda.gov/>. Distribution issues can also be directed to the NASS Customer Service Hotline at 1-800-727-9540"

Resource_Description: Downloadable Data (Cropland Data Layer - Indiana 2013)

Distribution_Liability:
The following is excerpted from the metadata provided by NASS (USDA) for the source data set CDL_2013_CLIP_20131230093625_434373848.tif:

"Users of the Cropland Data Layer (CDL) are solely responsible for interpretations made from these products. The CDL is provided 'as is' and the USDA, NASS does not warrant results you may obtain using the Cropland Data Layer. Contact our staff at (HQ_RDD_GIB@nass.usda.gov) if technical questions arise in the use of the CDL. NASS does maintain a Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's) section on the CDL website at <http://www.nass.usda.gov/research/Cropland/SARS1a.htm>. "


Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20140205
Metadata_Review_Date: 20140214
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Indiana Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Chris Dintaman
Contact_Position: Geologist, GIS Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical address
Address: 611 North Walnut Grove Avenue
City: Bloomington
State_or_Province: Indiana
Postal_Code: 47405-2208
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 812-856-5654
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 812-855-2862
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: cdintama@indiana.edu
Hours_of_Service: 0800 to 1700 Eastern Standard Time
Contact_Instructions: Monday through Friday, except holidays
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC CSDGM
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata file is intended to accompany the data set identified and received from the IGS. It should not to be altered or summarized. IGS does not support secondary distribution. If this data set was received from anyone besides the IGS, this metadata file and the data set it describes may lack integrity.

Generated by mp version 2.7.1 on Fri Feb 14 10:16:40 2014